New Publications of the Caribbean Billfish Project

All publications were funded by the GEF/ World Bank supported Caribbean Billfish project (GCP/SLC/001/WBK) for which the FAO/WECAFC is the executing agency. The studies that led to these publications were made possible through partnerships with the International Game Fish Association (IGFA), Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism (CRFM), Organization for Fisheries and Aquaculture of Central America (OSPESCA), the Caribbean Network of Fisherfolk Organizations (CNFO), the Caribbean Fisheries Management Council (CFMC) and many others. FAO/WECAFC is grateful for the support received from all partner agencies and individual experts.

School of Menhaden
 

Caribbean Fisheries Legal and Institutional Study: Findings of the Compartive Asessment and Country Reports

FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1124 Bridgetown, Barbados. Author: Cristina Leria

This study assessed basic fisheries legislation and institutional frameworks of member countries of the Western Central Atlantic Fishery Commission (WECAFC). Its objective was to provide a baseline comparison of national legal and institutional frameworks for fisheries management and to identify the extent to which national legal and institutional frameworks provide a suitable foundation for the regulation of commercial and recreational/sport fishing and the conservation of billfish resources in the region, including through the use of rights-based approaches. The analysis presented in this study is based on responses to a detailed questionnaire distributed among the WECAFC countries as well as a review of basic fisheries legislation of the responding countries.

The reviewed responses and legislation are described, compared and assessed with respect to the following topics:

  • The objectives and scope of basic fisheries legislation
  • Institutional arrangements
  • Management measures and tools, including management planning, spatial restrictions, co-management and rights-based measures
  • Legislative treatment of Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs) and recreational/sport fishing
  • National legislation and the regional legal framework
PDF URLs: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6175e.pdf
Card URLs: http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/9cc974d4-eda3-4cdd-86be-dc6058bf6454/

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The Value of Billfish Resources to Both Commercial and Recreational Sectors in the Caribbean

FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1125 Bridgetown, Barbados. Author: Brad Gentner

This circular contains the outcomes of a study comparing the estimated values both in recreational and commercial fisheries for billfish in the Caribbean. The recreational value was found to be much higher than the value in the commercial sector, but total estimates should be treated with caution due to the uncertainty of the raw data available. Enough value exists in the recreational fisheries sector to compensate losses in the commercial fisheries sector. Billfish commercial fishery is responsible for much less than 1% of total Caribbean seafood value (between 0.36% and 0.84%). Most recreationally caught billfish is released with high survival rates. In general, there is a need for better data regarding landings, effort and the supply chain in both sectors.

This circular further develops the background on ecosystem values as they relate to billfish stocks in the Caribbean, defining the terminology and state of the art in valuation science in general and the state of billfish valuation in the Caribbean region in particular. Types of value, including market and non-market, are defined and the basic estimations techniques used to value billfish across commercial and recreational sectors are detailed and described as they related to the Caribbean Billfish Project.

PDF URLs: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6178e.pdf
Card URLs: http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/e38753a2-ac6d-47cb-b8d3-a5135db37334/

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The Use and Design of Rights and Tenure Based Management Systems for Transboundary Stocks in the Caribbean

FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1126 Bridgetown, Barbados. Author: Brad Gentner

This document provides the findings and recommendations from a desk study carried out in support of the Caribbean Billfish Project. It includes an analysis of the motivating factors for rights based approaches in order to address the common pool fishery problems which dissipate rents. Human action depends on the fisheries management approaches followed. The study recognizes that it is a challenge to apply rights based approaches in the developing world. The author states that the answer is to secure rights to the fishery to end the race to fish and to put proper incentives in place to increase wealth and sustainability. The document also describes the characteristics of strong rights and several rights based approaches in commercial and recreational fisheries for billfish.

PDF URLs:http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6071e.pdf
Card URLs: http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/7230c587-1114-456b-a77f-4bcf6824a507/

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Status of Billfish Resources and Billfish Fisheries in the Western Central Atlantic

FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1127 Bridgetown, Barbados. Author: Nelson Ehrhardt and Mark Fitchett

This circular provides a review of the status of billfish resources and fisheries in the WECAFC region. It considered over 100 documents on the subject matters. Billfish are generally caught as bycatch in Atlantic tuna fisheries. They represent a mere 0.76 percent of the tuna landings and this characteristic represents a major hurdle to objectively collect statistical data for billfish stock assessments. The review found that billfish resources have been subject to intense exploitation in the tuna and tuna like fisheries in the Atlantic Ocean for more than six decades, and as a consequence billfish resources appear depleted, overfished and/or undergoing overfishing. The area of the WECAFC is critically important to the habitat domain of the billfish in the western Atlantic.

PDF URLs:http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6204e.pdf
Card URLs: http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/d8710d4f-128b-4eab-a2e1-d61a8d2ee6c3/

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A Recreational Fisheries Economic Impact Assessment Manual and its Application in Two Study Cases in the Caribbean: Martinique and the Bahamas

FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1128  Bridgetown, Barbados. Author: Rob Southwick, Brad Gentner, D'shan Maycock, and Myriam Bouaziz

This circular includes a manual to assess the economic impact of recreational fisheries and its application in two Caribbean countries: The Bahamas and Martinique. The manual was developed within the framework of the WECAFC/ OPESCA/ CRFM/ CFMC Working Group on recreational fisheries. This manual is intended to help countries better understand the size and contributions from recreational fishing to their economies. The results are meant to increase awareness on the economic impacts of recreational fisheries at the national and regional level.

PDF URLs:http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6148e.pdf
Card URLs: http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/442c0282-3fc6-4434-bffb-41ab1f2bc1ba/