Occurs in the eastern central Pacific: from La Jolla in southern California, USA south to the Galapagos Islands and Paita, Peru and has been reported from Antofagasta, Chile.
The Pacific sierra is most easily distinguished by pigment and color pattern. It is silver-blue above and silvery white on the lower sides and belly with a series of yellow-brown spots on the sides. The anterior half of the first spiny part of the dorsal fin is jet black, in contrast to the lighter remainder of the fin.
A schooling species, the Pacific sierra is fast moving, voracious predator feeding on small fishes, especially anchovies and herrings. It occurs near the surface of coastal waters over the continental shelf and is believed to spawn close to the coast over most of its range.
The Pacific sierra is the most abundant game fish along the Pacific coasts of Mexico and Central America. Anglers employ a variety of natural baits and artificial lures with wire leaders to guard against their sharp teeth. (See also mackerel, cero and Spanish)
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